Firefighting Apparel Fighting for better workwear.

Cold Water Protective Clothing Guidelines

After their raft flips in the cold waters of the South Fork Boise River, Russ Campbell and Amy Gerver cling to the upside down raft through a long rapid. They are experienced rafters and are dressed in “Farmer John” neoprene wetsuits, neoprene booties, neoprene gloves, waterproof paddle jackets, life jackets, and helmets. However, within only a few minutes in the very cold water, they are unable to respond to instructions, or swim to shore. They die soon thereafter of hypothermia or drowning. Their unfortunate deaths have been a catalyst for my research into water temperature ranges, survival time in cold water, and protective clothing for cold water boating.

Water temperatures March – July, in the Northern Rockies. These temperatures are a summary of measurements taken on Fish Creek, a tributary of Idaho’s Lochsa River, and at the Sawtooth Fish Hatchery near Stanley on Idaho’s Salmon River.Fish Cr. measurements, courtesy of Idaho Dept of Fish & Game, Alan Byrne 1998 ( My Lochsa River pundits tell me Fish Cr. is one of Lochsa River’s warmer tributaries. I use it because of good temperature data from Steelhead study). Salmon River measurements, mean temps 1999-2000, courtesy of Sawtooth Fish Hatchery, Idaho Dept of Fish & Game

Working Environment With Regards to the Firefighters

Firefighters are frequently called firemen. They are the rescuers comprehensively trained principally in putting out dangerous fires which threaten the lives of the civilian populace and their property, to save people from vehicular incidents, burning and collapsed buildings and other similar situations. They oftentimes provide disaster medical services. The fire and rescue services, also known as fire brigade or fire departments are the two basic emergency services. Firefighting has three important goals; to save lives, save property and to protect the environment. Because of these, skills needed for secure operations are practiced regularly during training assessments throughout the career of firefighters. In the U.S.A., the most excellent fire trainings and standards association is the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). To become a firefighter, skills and training are very vital; of course dedication to do the job is most required too. Being a firefighter is great and noble job.

Firefighter, this term has been utilized since 1903. The old term “fireman” was replaced by “firefighters” because there are plenty of women who serve as firefighter also.

Firefighters work intimately with other crisis response agencies, particularly state and local police agencies. Since each fire scene is theoretically a crime scene until believed otherwise by a competent investigator, there is frequently an overlap involving the responsibilities of firefighter who responded and the police officers like evidence and scene safety, primary observations of the first respondents and sequence of evidences. The increasing responsibility of firefighters in giving emergency therapeutic services also brings the firemen into regular overlap with the enforcement of the law.

Firefighting as well as firefighters became omnipresent around the universe, wild land regions to metropolitan areas and on board the ships.

Firefighting contains some fundamental skills: prevention, rescue, self preservation, anger, protection of property and control of fire. Firefighting is more broken down to skills which entail size-up, extinguishing or putting out, ventilation, rescue and overhaul. Wild land firefighting entails size-up, suppression, extinguishment and mop up operations. Search and Rescue is performed earlier in any fire situation and several times is in agreement with fire extinguishing and at the same time ventilation.

Fire rescue apparel

Every item in the fire fighting equipment of a fire fighter is designed to assist him perform his role in the right way at the right time. A fire fighter has to be equipped with the right tools and equipment at all times to be ready when the occasion arises that needs his services.

Fire Fighting Equipment is categorized into many types. Among these are alarms, breathing apparatus, detectors, extinguishers, fire suppression systems, foam equipment, HazMat Decontamination, passive fire protection, personal protective equipment, fire pumps, rescue tools, thermal imaging cameras, firefighter training and fire vehicles.

In rescue operations, you need a self contained breathing apparatus and breathing air compressor to provide supply of air to fire victims. An apparatus has a high pressure tank, a regulator and a face or mouth mask connected to an inhalation device. Another important fire fighting equipment is a HazMat Decontamination equipment used to decontaminate victims of hazardous materials and toxic substances.

A very essential fire fighting equipment is the Personal Protective Equipment which refers to the uniform, helmets, masks, boots, other garments and miscellaneous tools and gadgets. When it comes to the fireman’s protective clothing, you will be glad to know that it has continued to evolve since those historic times when firemen wore street clothes and wool/leather coats with their company’s logos in battling fire outbreaks.

Studies show that lack of comfort is a factor to many sloppy performances due to heavy, sweaty, hot and uncomfortable clothing people wear making them vulnerable to errors that can be disastrous. Addressing this problem, manufacturers of protective clothing have developed revolutionary lines of garments which integrated fire retardant materials like Kaviar and Nomex. Some new fabrics are not only flame retardant, they are also perspiration and odor controlled. They are light, dry and comfortable to wear the whole day. The gear is now available in fabrics with base and next to skin layer of protective materials which won’t burn, drip or melt when exposed to flames. The fabric reduces any risk of steam burns. In addition to that, the shirts, pants and coveralls made of the same type of fabric also provide extra dryness and comfort.

Some materials are moisture managed because of its wicking properties. The fabric dries very fast and regulates body temperature. Another significant feature is its antimicrobial properties prevent the growth of bacterial odors enabling wearers to stay fresh. What you will also appreciate is its comfort design feature which minimizes rubbing and skin abrasion because of its flat-lock and drop shoulder seams.